The following scientific references, articles, taxonomic and field guides were used in creating this website and may provide additional information.  Links to other websites that may be of interest are also included.

Abbott, R.T. 1974. American Seashells 2nd ed.  Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York.  663pp.

Abbott, R.T. 1986. A Guide to Field Identification of Seashells of North America. Rev. Ed. Golden Press, New York, NY. 280 pp.

Abbott, R.T. and P.A. Morris. 1995. Shells of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts and the West Indies.  Peterson Field Guides. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.  350 pp.

Abele, Lawrence G. and Won Kim. 1986. An Illustrated Guide to the Marine Decopod
Crustaceans of Florida.  Florida State University Press, Tallahassee. 760 pp.

Bousfield, E.L. 1973. Shallow-water Gammaridean Amphipoda of New England.  Cornell University Press, London. 312 pp.

Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2002. Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Cnidaria and Ctenophora 2nd ed. Amer. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 28. Bethesda, MD. 115 pp.

Camp, D. K. 1973. Stomatopod Crustacea. Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises Vol. III, Part II. Florida Marine Research Institute, St. Petersburg, FL. 99 pp.

Camp, D.K., W.G. Lyons and T.H. Perkins. 1998. Checklists of Selected Shallow Water Marine Invertebrates of Florida.  Florida Marine Research Institute Technical Report TR-3. Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Saint Petersburg. 238pp.

Culter, J.K. 1995. Benthic infauna of Tampa Bay: Summer 1993. Tampa Bay National Estuary Program Tech. Rep. 02-95. Mote Marine Lab. Tech. Rep. 420. 7 p. + appendices.

Downey, M.E. 1973. Starfishes from the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology #126. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington. 158 pp.

Flimlin, G. and B. F. Beal. 1993. Major Predators of Cultured Shellfish. Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center, University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, Massachusetts, NRAC Bulletin No. 180-1993. 6 pp.

Gittings, S.R., G.D. Dennis and H. W. Harry. 1986. Annotated Guide to the Barnacles of the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Texas A&M Sea Grant Publication 86-402, College Station, TX. 36 pp.

Gosner, K.L. 1971. Guide to Identification of Marine and Estuarine Invertebrates; Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. Wiley-Interscience, New York.  693 pp.

Gosner, K.L. 1978. Atlantic Seashore. Peterson Field Guides, Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 329 pp.

Gundersen, R.W. 1998. The Seashells of Sanibel and Captiva Islands. TMS Lithography Inc., Racine, WI. 30 pp.

Hangay, G. and M. Dingley. 1985. Biological Museum Methods Vol. 2, Plants, Invertebrates and Techniques. Academic Press, New York. 323 pp.

Hendler, G., J.E. Miller, D.L. Pawson and P.M. Kier. 1995. Sea Stars, Sea Urchins, and Allies; Echindoderms of Florida and the Caribbean. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington. 390 pp.

Hoese, H.D. and R. H. Moore. 1998. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. 2nd ed. Texas A&M University Press, College Station. 422 pp.

Kaplan, E.H. 1988. Southeastern and Caribbean Seashores. Peterson Field Guides, Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 425 pp.

Kensley, B. and Schotte, M. 1989. Guide to Marine Isopod Crustaceans of the Caribbean. Smithsonian Inst. Press, Washington, D.C. 308 pp.

Kraeuter, J. N. and M. Castagna (eds.). 2001. Biology of the Hard Clam. Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science – 31, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 751 pp.

LeCroy, S.E. 2000. An Illustrated Identification Guide to the Nearshore Marine and Estuarine Gammaridean Amphipoda of Florida. Vol. 1. Annual Report State of Florida DEP contract # WM724.  Tallahasee, FL. 185 pp.

LeCroy, S.E. 2002. An Illustrated Identification Guide to the Nearshore Marine and Estuarine Gammaridean Amphipoda of Florida. Vol. 2. Annual Report State of Florida DEP contract # WM724.  Tallahasee, FL. pp.197-403.

LeCroy, S.E. 2004. An Illustrated Identification Guide to the Nearshore Marine and Estuarine Gammaridean Amphipoda of Florida. Vol. 3. Annual Report State of Florida DEP contract # WM724.  Tallahasee, FL. pp. 411-499.

Littler, D.S. and Littler, M.M. 2003. Caribbean Reef Plants: An Identification Guide to the Reef Plants of the Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida and Gulf of Mexico. Off Shore Graphics, Inc. Washington, D.C. 542 pp.

Lyons, W.G. 1989. Nearshore Marine Ecology at Hutchinson Island, Florida: 1971-1974. XI. Mollusks.  Florida Marine Research Institute Publications #47, St. Petersburg, FL. 131 pp.

McLaughlin, P.A., D.K. Camp, M.V. Angel, E.L. Bousfield, P. Brunel, R.C. Brusca, D. Cadien, A.C. Cohen, K.Conlan, L.G. Eldredge, D.L. Felder, J.W. Goy, T. Haney, B. Hann, R.W. Heard, E.A. Hendrycks, S.E. LeCroy, R. Lemaitre, R.F. Maddocks, J.W. Martin, P. Mikkelsen, E. Nelson, W.A. Newman, R.M. Overstreet, W.J. Poly, W.W. Price, J.W. Reid, A. Robertson, D.C. Rogers, A. Ross, M. Schotte, F.R. Schram, C.T. Shih, L. Watling and G.D.F. Wilson. 2005. Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Crustaceans. Amer. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 31. Bethesda, MD. 545 pp.

Menzies, R.J. and Kruczynski, W.L. 1983. Isopod Crustacea (exclusive of Epicaridea). Mem. Hourglass Cruises VI, Part I., Florida Dept. Nat. Res., Marine Res. Lab., St. Petersburg, FL. 126 pp.

Meinkoth, N. A. 1998. National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Seashore Creatures.  Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 813 pp. 

Oesterling, M.J. 1995. Clam Culture: The Possibilities and the Pitfalls. Virginia Sea Grant’s Marine Advisory No. 58, Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences, Gloucester Point, VA. 7 pp.

Perkins, T.H. and Savage, T. 1975. A bibliography and checklist of polychaetous annelids of Florida, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean region. Florida Dept. Nat. Resources, Marine Res. Lab. Publ. 14.  62 pp.

Plough, H.H. 1978. Sea Squirts of the Atlantic Continental Shelf from Maine to Texas. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD. 118 pp.

Quayle, D. B. and G. F. Newkirk. 1989. Farming Bivalve Molluscs: Methods for Study and Development. Advances in World Aquaculture, Vol. 1, World Aquaculture Society, Baton Rouge, LA.  295 pp.   

Redfern, C. 2001. Bahamian Seashells., Inc. Boca Raton, FL. 280 pp.

Robbins, C.R., G.C. Ray and J. Douglass. 1986. Atlantic Coast Fishes. Peterson Field Guides, Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 354 pp.

Ruppert, E.E. and Fox, R.S. 1988. Seashore Animals of the Southeast. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC. 429 pp.

Takeda, M. and T. Okutani. 1983. Crustaceans and Molluscs Trawled Off Suriname and French Guiana.  Japan Marine Fishery Research Center, Okinawa. 354 pp.

Thomas, J.D. 1993. Common Coral Reef and Rocky Bottom Amphipods of South Florida. Final Report State of Florida DEP contract # SP290. Tallahassee, FL. 74 pp.
Turgeon, D.D., Quinn, J.E., Jr., Bogan, A.E., Coan, E.V., Hochberg, F.G., Lyons, W.G., Mikkelsen, P.M., Neves, R.J., Roper, C.F.E., Rosenberg, G., Roth, B., Scheltema, A., Thompson, F.G., Vecchione, M., and Williams, J.D. 1998. Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks 2nd ed. Amer. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 26. Bethesda, MD. 526 pp.

Uebelacker, J.M. and Johnson, P.G. (eds.). 1984. Taxonomic Guide to the Polychates of the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Final Report to the U.S. Dept. Interior, Minerals Management Service, contract #14-12-001-29091. Barry A. Vittor & Associates, Inc. Mobile, AL.

Voss, G.L. 1976. Seashore Life of Florida and the Caribbean. Banyon Books Inc. Miami, FL. 199 pp.

Weiss, H.M. 1995. Marine Animals of Southern New England and New York. State Geological and Natural History Survey of CT Bulletin 115, Hartford. 273 pp.

Williams, Austin B. 1984. Shrimps, Lobsters, and Crabs of the Atlantic Coast of the Eastern United States Maine to Florida. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington DC. 550 pp.

Wilson, C.B. 1932. The Copepods of the Woods Hole Region Massachusetts. United States National Museum Bulletin 158. U.S. Gov. Printing office, Washington. 635 pp.

Walton, W. 2005. Diseases, Pests, and Predators of Concern to New England Shellfish Growers.  Woods Hole Sea Grant Publication WHOI-H-05-002,003, and 004, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and Cape Cod Cooperative Extension, Woods Hole, MA. 6 pp.

Links to Websites of Interest:

Bailey-Matthews Shell Museum Malacological Collection

Florida Museum of Natural History Collections

Monterey Bay Aquarium Online Field Guide

Smithsonian’s Marine Station’s Field Guide to the Indian River Lagoon

U.S. Geological Survey, Nonindigenous Aquatic Species